Racial Inequality and Segregation

Racial Inequality and Segregation – Annotated Bibliography

“The Black and White in America: Views on Race and Inequality, Worlds Apart.”Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies, vol. 10. no 3, (May 2017): 1-11.

Perceptions of How the Blacks are treated in the US

The extents to which the Blacks are treated in the US vary on race. The blacks are discriminated against, and this establishes barriers to their progress and prospects to improve their economic status. The black are differently treated across all life realms, from dealing with police forces all along to loan applications. The blacks are unfairly treated in the workplace by a margin of 42 percent. Research reveals that the black are given access to lower quality education (75 vs. 53 percent), discriminated against in loan application (41 percent), and when it comes to security provision by the police (a 34 percent margin) all against the whites. As a result, the blacks experience difficulties in matching the whites given this big discrimination. However, President Obama made race relations better; but this is an opinion by the Blacks and not the whites. Finally, the large gaps between the whites and blacks both economically and geographically indicate the high racial discrimination in the US, especially against the blacks. A Student Sample: ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW

John-Paul, F and K Rembrand. Population process and establishment-level racial employment segregation. Harvard: Harvard Business School, June 18, 2017.

Racial Employment Segregations in American Workplaces

The rate of racial segregation in American workplaces has greatly increased compared to past generations. Over racial segregation, the American workforce has greatly expanded in a racially diverse perspective. The article notes that racial segregations have steadily declined in the US workplaces, shifting to uneven rates since the 1960s through 1980s. There have been various segregations of employment ranging from managerial personnel to occupational segregation. The US workplace is integrated into racial diversity. However, there have been alarming increases of visible minorities in the US workplaces with the whites being more represented than the blacks. In particular, racial employment segregation is thin in the US workplaces. However, racial segregation has risen in private firms that equitably give employees opportunities based on merit. Today, complicated racial employment issues have stopped, the US has reversed back to integrating racial employment strategies that are non-discriminative and follow the civil rights policies of the country. The initiation of occupational segregation in the US labor market is helping upheld equity in the job sector.

Niki, Dickerson T. “Is Racial Exclusion Gendered? The Role of Residential Segregation in the Employment Status of Black Women and Men in the US.” Feminist Economics (2002): 199-208.

Role of Residential Segregation in US Employment Status of Black Women and Men

Residential segregation is among the greatly racialized exclusionary system that largely affects labor market segregations for black men and women in the US through gendered means. Black men and women face economic depression due to their racial status that is discriminated against in the US by the whites. Residential segregation has a great role of enhancing racial differences towards the blacks in the sector of education. Black girls perform better than black boys, and this increases their likelihood to join colleges than their counterparts. Social networks initiated under residential segregation lie under gender and racial lines. Child rearing, household work, and elder care responsibilities offer black women and men different economic experiences that fall under residential segregation. Resources to different parents are limited thus establishing differences when it comes to quality child care, provision of public goods, better education, and transportation. Also, access to job information is affected by residential segregations whereby the blacks have little or no access to employment information. A Student Sample: ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW

Deborah, Tannen. “Marked Women, Unmarked Men.” The New York Times Magazine (1993): 1-4.

Marked Women, Unmarked Men

The New York Times Magazine by Deborah Tannen discusses women and men by marking them as either feminist or anti-feminist through their appearances. The magazine explains that women lack the freedom to be unmarked something which all men around them have. Deborah argues that there is no unmarked woman and that when dressing to go about their business, they must do it uniquely. The author notes that there are gender differences that exist between women and men. She argues that women are treated unfairly in the society to the extent that even when they research anything about men, they are thought to be male-bashing. The author presents herself as a feminist to analyze human behavior towards gender. Women who try to challenge men are considered to be forming negative and unfair perspective towards the men. Further, Deborah notes that no individual species produce only males. Sex-indefinite pronouns aim at discriminating against women in the society. In her opinion, men are default women since they cannot reproduce alone.

Martin Luther King Jr. Letter from Birmingham Jail. August 1963.

Non Violent Demonstrations against Segregation

In Martin Luther King Jr Letter from Birmingham Jail, he saw a letter terming their demonstrations as untimely and unwise. In his answer to the statements and allegations to the critiques, Martin stated that it was his honor to serve as president of Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He noted that there are 85 affiliate associations across the South, whose main agenda was fighting for human rights. Further, the rates of injustices in the city kept him at Birmingham. Injustice is a threat to equity. Non-violent campaigns involve fact collection of whether injustice is alive or not, self-purification, negotiation, and direct action steps which Martin had followed together with his affiliate. The humiliation of race in the city is an injustice to the despised and what the city was doing was disappointing. After taking all measures and involving all stakeholders, Martin and affiliates decided to take direct action responsibly. In conclusion, the community needs fair treatment and justice to develop. A Student Sample: ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW

Work Cited

“The Black and White in America: Views on Race and Inequality, Worlds Apart.”Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies, vol. 10. no 3, (May 2017): 1-11.

Deborah, Tannen. “Marked Women, Unmarked Men.” The New York Times Magazine (1993): 1-4.

John-Paul, F and K Rembrand. Population process and establishment-level racial employment segregation. Harvard: Harvard Business School, June 18, 2017.

Martin Luther King Jr. Letter from Birmingham Jail. August 1963.

Niki, Dickerson T. “Is Racial Exclusion Gendered? The Role of Residential Segregation in the Employment Status of Black Women and Men in the US.” Feminist Economics (2002): 199-208.

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