Serial Killings in Canada Essay

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Serial Killings in Canada Essay


Crime is a major problem of contemporary Canadian society. While the media focus on crimes of bodily harm, such as homicide and rape, some criminal behavior involves the illegal killing of innocent people (Hagan, 2010). In world history, Canada is the homage of the most notorious serial killers who commit mass serial crimes every year. Canada is unsafe, and people get heinously murdered. The criminal justice system of Canada is focused on reducing crime in the contemporary society (Haggerty, 2009). The police play a greater role in charging serial killers. Crime-related research shows that people can be prevented from becoming serial killers. Crime remains a major problem and concern in Canada, and one such crime is murder which forms the focus of this essay.


Causes of Serial Murder in Canada

In Canadian serial killings, the examination of why Canadians commit murder is very critical in the ongoing debate of how this crime should be reduced and prevented.  Numerous criminological theories have emerged over the years to explain causes of the crime (serial killings) and how spree killings can be approached, reduced, and prevented by the criminal justice system (Hickey, 2013). The environment that people are brought up greatly contributes to their crime behavior. In the context of Canadian contemporary society, the government is focused on understanding what makes people commit serial murder to develop right strategies for controlling crime and rehabilitating the criminals. The following are the causes of serial murder in the Canadian society. Serial Killings in Canada Essay

Decay of Families

The decay of family contributes to the generation of serial killers in the Canadian society. Some families neglect their children’s ethical and moral behavior and never in life take time to advise them on responsible societal behavior. Recently, family violence has taken roots in most Canadian families, and this contributes to crime behavior. Social disorganization theory explains this behavior. According to this criminological theory, individual’s social and physical environment responsibly impact on behavioral choices people make (Akers, 2013). In particular, raising people in a violent family contributes to their criminal behavior. In such environmental settings, parents abuse children, despise them and fail to provide for basic amenities. As a result, this social disorganization frustrates people making them feel no guilt for killing and committing other unlawful acts that harm the society.

Depression and other Mental Disorders

Depression and other mental disorders make people commit serial killings. Most serial killers in Canada who have transformed into responsible social behavior say that what forced them to do spree killings was emotional stress by poverty and grave mental disorders by drugs. The strain theory explains this cause of serial killing. According to this theory, people get frustrated when they fail to achieve their personal and societal aspirations (Hickey, 2013). Hard work with delayed success forces people to do drugs that mentally harm them to the extend they feel no guilt in committing serial killings provided they get money to survive. Strain theory explains why people attempt to achieve success through criminal behavior, and this is due to extreme struggles in life.


Drug Addiction

To add on, the use of drugs such as heroin and bhang by people make them commit a crime, and one such behavior is reckless killings. Mainly, interaction with the wrong company makes an individual start using addictive drugs whose eventual result is irresponsible behavior in the society. Canada is full of drug dealers, and the same people have been found to be at the forefront when it comes to serial killings. Social learning theory efficiently explains that the kind of groups people interact with in the society, family, and schools (Hagan, 2010). The choice to interact with bad company contributes to drug addiction. In this essence, an individual addicted to drugs is unable to control his reasoning, and this ends up in committing serial killings when under hallucinations. Serial Killings in Canada Essay

Unfair Rulings to the Culprits

Further, victims of unfair rulings in Canadian prison systems force people to commit serial killings as a means of revenge. The approaches of the Canadian government to correct unlawful behavior by spree killers are to some extent not welcomed by the victims. Prisons and jails make criminals the worst due to adverse conditions that exist there. As a result, criminals generate the vehemence to revenge against people who sued them in murder cases. In this essence, serial killings by the Canadian serial killers persist and keep on threatening the society’s security (Hagan, 2010). Social control theory explains this cause and explains why serial killers should get rehabilitated maturely to ensure such unlawful acts are controlled.

Effects of Serial Murder in Canadian Society

Serial killings adversely affect contemporary Canadian society in various ways. The increased instances of serial murder have created a feeling of unrest, fear, and confusion in the society. Also, acts of serial murders continuously distort societal values, and this is well explained in the social control theory. Further, serial killings claim thousands of peoples’ life in Canada each year; this immorality continues to brood poverty under which other criminals are formed (Siegel & McCormick, 2010). This increased fear, confusion, unrest, and distortion of societal moral values calls for immediate actions to counter the increased acts of serial murders. Special operations, community-based interactions, new laws, and funding initiatives are required as far as reducing the crime is concerned.

Preventive Measures of Serial Killings

Given the above causes and effects, reducing serial killings in contemporary Canadian society is urgently required.

Self-Rational Evaluation

Self-evaluation by serial killers themselves greatly contributes in limiting crime in contemporary Canadian society. The rational choice theory greatly helps criminals in evaluating what committing spree killing to people will add to their lives. The rational choice theory argues that a cost versus benefit analysis of the actual result of the crime behavior is helpful in weighing the risks and values of doing spree killing (Akers, 2013). When a serial killer finds out that the risks of committing the crime exceed its benefits, and such risks are getting arrested and punished; they avoid the act. Interviews with a few Canadian killers about why they stopped killing reveal that their decisions were based on a cost versus benefit analysis of the reward of their acts; knowing how awful this risked their security, they then got transformed.


Law Enforcement

Although serial killers murder strangers, law enforcement by Canadian government agencies are required to reduce the crime in the country, and control theory helps (Brennan, 2012). The high mobility of serial killers crosses various law enforcement jurisdictions by the government, and this requires proper profiling by the government when initiating such laws. Law enforcement agencies have little chances of recognizing shared patterns in personal murder cases. This, therefore, calls for proper communication between law enforcement agencies to formulate proper regulations that can limit serial killings in the country. The social control theory is beneficial to the government in studying societal limits where the law cannot dictate over societal values (Hagan, 2010). The application of social control theory provided the government with the best values to include in generating the best solutions for limiting serial killings from continuing. Serial Killings in Canada Essay

Wellbeing Programmes, Community Interactions, and Funding Initiatives

Further, control of serial killings in Canada has been emphasized by treating the crime as a public health concern. Canada needs to localize programmes about wellbeing campaigns, family interventions, parenting interventions, and responsible behavior in the society. The use of social learning theory by anti-crime Canadian associations will greatly motivate them to educate the society on the right people to associate with, responsible behavior, and proper upbringing by parents (Siegel & McCormick, 2010). Further, the government needs to use labeling theory in deciding what acts motivate spree killing behavior such as TV programmes to prohibit such programmes from being shown in public TV hence limiting the afro seen the criminal behavior. Further, funding of education programmes to educate the society on socially responsible behavior as well as funding for social amenities helps in limiting crime behavior.


In conclusion, serial murder is neither a new phenomenon nor is it uniquely Canadian. Over the past decades, serial killings have been chronicled all over the world. Serial murder is different from other forms of violence and unlawful behavior. Serial murderers kill strangers. Crime control in Canada is being achieved through legislative measures to monitor, restrain, and incapacitate the serial killers. Employment of criminology theories at both civil and government level helps reduce crime rates. Special operations by the police help in limiting irresponsible behavior in the society. The rational choice theory is undoubtedly the best model by individuals and the government to use in analyzing the benefits and costs of committing serial killing crimes. The fact that establishment of new legislation restricting serial murder of strangers by the killers helps in reducing crime rates in Canadian society, other approaches like community interactions and funding community initiatives by the government significantly contribute in limiting instances of serial killings in Canadian society.


Akers, R. L. (2013). Criminological theories: Introduction and evaluation. Routledge.

Brennan, S. (2012). Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2011. Juristat: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 1.

Hagan, F. E. (2010). Introduction to Criminology: Theories, methods, and criminal behavior. Sage.

Haggerty, K. D. (2009). Modern serial killers. Crime, Media, Culture5(2), 168-187.

Hickey, E. W. (2013). Serial murderers and their victims. Cengage Learning.

Siegel, L. J., & McCormick, C. R. (2010). Criminology in Canada: Theories, patterns, and typologies. Nelson Education.


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