Energy Harnessing- A Review
Harnessing of energy as an approach to industrial energy management
Various publications have been made on how to effectively manage the use of energy in the industrial organizations. According to Rockwell Automation (2012), it is important for the management of the contemporary organizations to understand approaches to utilize in ensuring that energy is well used. It is due to the fact that the misuse of energy in industries leads to high costs of production therefore low profits are realized. Another publication was made by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (2005) that indicated that energy is regarded to be an essential element facilitating industries to create wealth, especially when used effectively. When there is a constant supply of energy, sustainable development is enhanced. For this to be realized, resources should be utilized judiciously, technology put into consideration and effective incentives as well as strategic policy planning.
The US Energy Administration 2013 concluded that the use of systemic energy management approach is the most appropriate way of improving the efficiency of energy use. It should, therefore, be utilized by industries. This is enhanced since the system is able to provide a procedure to companies on the way to go about it. Raphael Wantemi 2012 established that the utilization of energy appropriately in the organization is a vital element in enhancing sustainable development (Worrell, 2011, p. 80). Whenever this is realized, the organization advances and evades negative environmental challenges that would come as a result of power misuse.
Harpreet and Kamaldeep 2012 points that the conservation of energy by the industries leads to economic benefits since the cost of production is lowered.
The publication further suggested that industries such as those that deal with cement, aluminum, and paper have been able to achieve conserving power. Gosh and Royshee 2011 suggested that firms should employ energy consultant officer in order to guide industries in matters of energy conservation, use, and harness. Lee and Kenerangui 2002 launched that energy firms should limit their energy use in order to avoid wastage so long as productivity is not barricaded. The authors suggested that approaches such as housekeeping, process modification, and better equipment management need to be employed. The employment of these strategies will help energy firms in minimizing costs of environmental conservation as well as advancing their practicability in the environment.
Prince and Mckane acknowledge the fact that adverse effects due to the misuse of energy, for instance, climate change have been motivators of enhancing energy efficiency. Organizations are therefore forced to employ approaches that ensure that energy is well managed. It is a benefit since little carbon dioxide is emitted into the air. Savacool and Brown 2009 regard energy efficiency as an approach that targets at improving the performance of the energy equipment while changing the attitudes of consumers. Moomaw 2001 posits that firms need to employ technologies that ensure that the amount of power used in firms is reduced. Measures such as cogeneration of power and heat should be utilized. The use of adjustable speed drives as well as high-efficiency electric motors should be considered (Lee and Kenarangui, 2002, p. 605). Misuse of energy is costly to companies and requires proper appraisal programs for mitigating its adverse effects on the society which are also costly.
Winkler 2007 suggested that industries need to employ approaches that ensure that the compressed air management efficient, motors, variable drives, efficient lighting, heating, load shifting and cooling need to be dealt with. This will lead to 5% energy saving annually globally. Chambers of commerce industries 2002 suggested that plants should use a certified energy auditor that will facilitate energy conservation activities in the firms (Kaur Harpreet & Kamal deep Kaur, May 2012, p. 44). The manager needs to oversee company’s operations that target at saving the power use. Manesh and Navale 2011 advised firms to use external auditors and agencies to monitor the energy usage in firms. When energy costs are reduced the likelihood of companies making profits is high. Through auditing, the organizations are able to identify the energy and fuel used in the organizations.
United Nation Industrialization Development Organization, (UNIDO) 2008 established that advancement in use of energy firms should not be optional since every firm works towards realizing profits to enhance advancement. Technology should be employed as a tool in realizing this. Systems should be able to detect energy used by the external individuals at the expense of the industries. Blaustain and Radgen 2001 recognized that industries through economically and technically approaches towards energy saving have realized 33% energy saved especially in European industries (Ghosh Duke and Joyashree Roy, 2011, p. 33). Fleiter et.al 2001 offered pieces of advice to companies that they were to deal with the barriers to energy efficiency, for instance, the cultural, financial and technical barriers need to be prioritized.
Establishing the gap
Basing on the above studies, there is a clear indication that the management of power approaches in firms is comprehensively covered. The companies that have adopted the above approaches have not only reduced energy wastage but have realized profound profits. However, my study is different as it will not only unfold the approaches but also establish how companies should harness power by use of the resources available such as technology which will ensure that companies save the costs used for paying the energy bills.
To sum up, it is clear that companies can only develop if they deal with energy wastage, a problem that many have suffered and even some of them collapsed. Conservation and harnessing of power are key elements that need to be implemented by the companies too. Limiting energy wastage helps in environmental conservation and lowering the costs of energy usage management by companies (Fleiter, Worrell, & Eichhammer, 2011, p. 3110). As a result, companies act in a socially responsible manner that increases their reputation and image in the public. Internally, the companies save on costs hence resulting in increased productivity and profitability. Dealing with waste wastage by companies results in improved corporate social responsiveness and proper mechanisms of giving back to the society. a clean environment is fit for human survival and healthy living. Companies, therefore, must develop proper mechanisms of dealing with energy conservation in order to enhance their sustainability in the environment.
Energy Information Administration, 2013. International Energy Outlook, Washington, DC: U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Fleiter, T., Worrell, E. & Eichhammer, W. 2011. Barriers to energy efficiency in industrial bottom-up energy demand models. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review 15, 3009-3111
Ghosh Duke and Joyashree Roy, 2011. Approach to energy efficiency among micro, small and medium enterprises in India: Results of a field survey;‖ United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 2005. Energy Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies. Vienna. Retrieved March 2,
Kaur Harpreet & Kamal deep Kaur, May 2012, ―ENERGY CONSERVATION: An effective way of energy Utilization” IE Volume 2, Issue 5 ISSN: 2249-0558
Lee W. and R. Kenarangui, 2002.Energy management for motors, systems, and electrical equipment‖, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 602-607.
Moomaw et al, 2001,”Technological and Economic Potential of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction.‖ Chapter 3 in Climate Change 2001: Mitigation. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, United Nations and World Meteorological Organization, Geneva.
Navale Vijay and Narke Mahesh 2011,‖Energy Audit & Management‖, Tech Easy Publications Pune, 1st Edition: 2-57 – 2-75.
Price, L., and McKane, A., 2009. Industrial Energy Efficiency and Climate Change Mitigation: Policies and Measures to Realize the Potential in the Industrial Sector, Prepared in support of the UN 18International Energy Agency (IEA) 2008 Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency Key Insights from IEA Indicator Analysis 2008
Radgen, P.; Blaustein, E. 2001. Compressed air systems in the European Union, Stuttgart: LOG_X.
Raphael Wentemi Opening, May 2012, Energy Efficiency, and Management in Industries – a case study of Ghana’s largest industrial area.
Rockwell Automation, 2012. Industrial Energy Management, Market Research Report.
Savacool, B.K. & Brown, M.A. 2009.Competing Dimensions of Energy Security: An International Perspective. Georgia Tech Ivan Allen College School of Public Policy.
United Nation Industrialization Development Organization, (UNIDO). 2008. Standards for Energy Efficiency, Water, Climate Change and their Management. 42nd Meeting of ISO DEVCO. Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Worrell, E. 2011. The Next Frontier to Realize Industrial Energy Efficiency. World Renewable Energy Congress 2011-Sweden.