Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

Activity 1: What is Maslow Hierarchy of Needs?

Overview

Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation that comprises a five-tier model of human needs. In the theory, Maslow’s was interested in understanding what motivates human behavior. According to Maslow’s, human actions get motivated so as to meet certain needs. In a bottom-up hierarchy, the needs are physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. As per Abraham Maslow’s 1943 paper, the lower needs in the hierarchy must get satisfied first before people attend to higher up needs in the hierarchy. Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

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Learning Activity Implementation

In this learning activity, group work in the classroom approach will be used for implementation. The group work implementation method will follow five steps:

  • Preparation for group work: Entails careful thinking about how students will physically get arranged in groups
  • Designing the group activity: Factors like time for group work, number of students per group, and prediction of student answers among others must be analyzed
  • Introduction of the group activity: Share instructor’s rational for using group work about Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in his academic fields.
  • Monitoring of group activity: As a facilitator, roles classification is required and should be fair
  • Ending the group activity: The facilitator offers closure to the group activities

Main Learning Outcomes

After completion of this learning outcome, students should be able to:

  1. Describe in detail what Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is and detail;
  2. Understand the application of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in the workplace;
  • Explain all levels in the hierarchy of needs;

Activity 2: Differences between the Classical Theory and New Theory

Overview of Differences

S. No. Classical Theory New Theory
(i) Structure of a company is mechanical and impersonal Organization is a social system.
(ii) Primary focus is on work and economic needs of workers Main focus is on small groups, human qualities, and employees emotions
(iii) Employs more emphasis on rationality and order Emphasizes more on security, personal, and social needs of employees while meeting company objectives
(iv) Organizational behavior (OB) is a product of regulations and rules OB is a product of attitudes, sentiments, and feelings
(v) Authoritarian practices exist Democratic practices are employed
(vi) It leads to alienation and dissatisfaction in the workplace Result to employee satisfaction and happiness thus improved productivity

 

Learning Activity Implementation

In this learning activity, tutoring interaction will be used for learning implementation. In this approach, the facilitator interacts with the student on a one-on-one situation. This pattern suits best in this learning activity given the facilitator’s goal to educate, coach, and mentor students in their preparation to the course completion. In our learning environment, tutoring will occur via the subject matter facilitator, or the course mentor, or any other experienced and caring peer. Learning feedback will be delivered privately to avoid individual embarrassment. Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

Main Learning Outcomes

After completion of all learning activities in this segment, all students should be able to:

  1. Describe in detail the differences between the classical theory and new theory
  2. Understand and explain the applicability of classical theory and new theory in business organizations
  3. Gained the knowledge to advise business managers on the right approach to use between classical theory and new theory

Activity 3: Differences between the Millennial and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Overview

Millennials are aggrieved of being unmotivated. Also, millennials catch bad feeling for getting back home after college versus taking a more ancient route pf securing a job, getting children, marriage, and buying a building. Basically, this falls under economic and character reasons. Some millennials believe that the 2008 economic depression, followed by slow economic recovery and couples of many global economy uncertainties hinder them from landing to an excellent start. Other millennials believe that this generation’s work ethic is fundamentally wrong, and this brings absence in the sense of entitlement.

On the other side, the experiences by the millennials are perfectly explained by Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Modern generation has been up-brought in prosperity and relative peace. People get motivated through provision of basic needs, love, care and protection, and support. This means that if millennials come to work, it is nothing more than meeting their basic needs, nor their security, nor family needs, friendship or intimacy. People rose where the bottom three needs of Maslow’s have been realized look to meet the esteem and self-actualization needs.

Learning Activity Implementation

This learning activity will be implemented through question and answers (Q & A sessions). Each group will have a single member chosen to direct information to other members about the learning activity under study. Also, this approach suits this activity given its applicability in giving lectures and doing class demonstrations.

Main Learning Outcomes

Students should be able to describe the difference between the millennial and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

  • Students must be able to answer what makes people feel motivated or demotivated
  • Students should be able to explain Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in the context of millennials

Activity 4: Difference between Cross Cultural and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs plays a helpful role in the identification of the perfect reward structure for the workforce in various countries. In some countries, most workers are deprived that a company can motivate them by singly concentrating in the provision of basic needs such as food and shelter.

In the perspective of cross cultural behavior, people from diverse cultures attach different levels of importance to various needs and might even construe the structural hierarchy differently. For example, self-actualization by people may be a less effective motivator in a collectivist cultural society than in an individualistic society. Culturally, people are motivated by their norms, believes, attitudes, and behavior towards satisfying their human needs.

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Learning Activity Implementation

Group discussion interaction methods of implementation will be adopted in this activity. In this method, students will be required to collaboratively work in refining and improving a single project of their choice as instructed by their facilitator.

Main Learning Outcomes

  • Students must be able to apply cross-cultural perspectives in an organizational setting
  • Students should be able to explain the difference between cross cultural and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
  • Students should be able to complete this learning activity using the collaborative document interaction method of project implementation

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