Counseling in Professional Context
The terms Counseling and Psychotherapy are often used interchangeably. Also referred to as talk therapy, counseling involves a series of conversations between the counselor and client. Like counseling, psychotherapy involves a series of meeting between the therapist and the client to understand an individual’s problems and recurrent feelings about an aspect. Counseling and psychotherapy focus on specific problems that affect a group of people in an attempt to resolve them (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2016). The theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy concepts assists counselors in providing these students with the right support, guidance, and advice on how to cope with the challenges and excel academically despite the challenges (Truax & Carkhuff, 2008). As a counselor, I would like to help students excel academically by offering them purposeful guidance and support to cope with their personal experience problems while studying. The essay will specifically apply two counselling and psychotherapy theories namely psychoanalytic theory and Adlerian theory in resolving classroom behavior problems by children in order to boost their academic performance and excellence.
Classroom behavior problems
Classroom behavior problems by students at school interfere with their lesson concentration and disturb other students in the class. Behavior problems at school usually overwhelm teachers, specifically novices, and some researchers consider these problems as the most difficult experience that teachers face in their every day’s work. Students who exhibit classroom behavior problems invariably need extra attention, which imposes strain on teachers and slows the pace at which lessons are administered and completed (Collins & Arthur, 2010). As a counselor, I met a student with different classroom behavior problems which I will explain below before discussing how I used counselling and psychotherapy theories in assisting the student. The student’s classroom behavior problems included:
Sensory processing disorder
According to the student’s teachers, the student had sensory processing disorder which disrupted his ability to grasp even the simple concepts taught in the normal pace used while teaching the other students. The student always walks around and talks in the wrong time while teachers are in the classroom. The student had special needs and always diverted teachers’ attention from the set class program and syllabus. My understanding is that students with this problem find it unfriendly to organize and make sense of the sensory information received by their brains in the classroom. Even normal activities confuse and overwhelm them. Additionally, such a student’s experience learning problems and prefer playing alone during recesssion…Show More…